He says that the home base interpretation depends primarily on faunal evidence. Specifically, he noted that the modern human "habitually carries tools, food and other possessions either with his arms or in containers," communicates with other humans by a spoken language, that the acquisition and sharing of food is "a corporate responsibility," that modern human hunter-gathers conduct their foraging operations in the vicinity of communal gathering places or "home bases," and that humans seek to acquire high-protein foodstuffs by hunting or fishing.
This competitive ability would have been sufficient not only in obtaining the carcass or carcasses, but further defending both their food resources and themselves at the focal localities in the landscape. What kind of hierarchical system did these early hominids have?
Geological studies show that the Olduvai area was a lake basin with distinct zones for the lake, the lake margin, and the stream channel Potts, This existence of campsites in the early archeological records implies that a basic component of hunter-gather subsistence and socioecology occurred.
But they had not truly repented. The suggestion of a hybridization has startled paleoanthropologistswho nonetheless are treating the new genetic data seriously.
Sept However, in his dissertation, Potts developed an independent critique of the home base idea. By contrast, low-density depositions are those most frequently recorded in surface surveys.
These artefact systems would be comprised of imported artefacts and manuports, on-site manufactured artefacts, and artefacts which were exported from the locality.
There seems to have been a graduate student uncovered with each and every artifact, and many of them produced dissertations on paleolithic taphonomy and went on to related careers-- too many to name here.
To a large degree this is because human action on landscapes occur over time and therefore the end result examined by archaeologists and also by other disciplines such as art historians and cultural geographers is one of complex historical make-up.
Schick defines a site "as a place where stone import rates exceeded exports" Schick The lecture information was more straightforward and comprehendible for me.
Potts says that it is possible for carnivores to be responsible for the bones found in bed one at Olduvai. One of the central arguments against the home base hypothesis has been the stressing of the potential danger posed by the carnivores attracted to the carcasses.
The time range of stone tool was pushed back greatly from five hundred thousand years to two million years. Although some portions can be regarded as "de facto" waste, this would only be applicable to debris with a maximum dimension of less than 2cm that resulted from the on-site flaking processes Schick Schick defines a site "as a place where stone import rates exceeded exports" Schick The intensive studies carried out on this site have revealed that the manufacturing activities occurred removed from the site locality.
These could either have been stone tool manufacturing sites with other economic and social activities occurring which are not archaeologically visible. Schick hypothesises that, instead, "these concentrations of stone artifacts developed as a by-product of a habitual transport and discard behaviors centered on specific locales, rather than as a deliberate stockpile" Schick kya- middle Paleolithic, hominids take off flakes that were same size & shapes and make tools out of the flakes.
Technology associated with archaic forms of Homo sapiens. Study 31 Archaeology Terms (Exam 2) flashcards from rsidna s. on StudyBlue. Concentrations of stone and bone were places that hominids were storing the raw materials to make stone tools worked with the Leakys - thought sites like FxJj50 and DK represent home bases – similar to modern hunter gatherer camps (The Home Base hypothesis.
Study 12 Archaeology: Exam 2 Study Guide flashcards from sentle Processing hypothesis- thought that concentrations of stone and bone showed that early hominids returned to a central location to process materials Marshall and Rose thought that hominid sites FLK and FxJj50 were sites of coming together for social activity/home-base.
Shipman () conclude that early hominids were not princi- pally interested in obtaining meat from carcasses but instead were principally trying to obtain usable material such as ten- dons and skin.
Shipman () has further concluded "that the Olduvai hominids are rarely if. The Archaeology of the Early Hominids I: Olduvai Gorge and Koobi Fora 14 The Archaeology of the Early Hominids II: Interpreting Early Hominid Behavior and Current Research Directions.
Archaeology Exam 2. STUDY. PLAY. Mary and Louis Leakey. Concentration of bone could represent "home bases"- Home Base Hypothesis/Central Place Foraging Theory. early hominids would have responded to competition with tools and mass force they believed sites were focal points of variety of activities that would have resulted in a home.Download