Minamata bay toxic waste essay

Shinobu Sakamoto, who sustained significant neurological damage from in-utero mercury poisoning when her mother, like thousands harmed or killed by industrial mercury in Minamata Bay, consumed mercury-contaminated fish.

They petitioned the committee, together with patients and supporters of the litigation group, for a fairer deal. Japan set safe regulatory standards for mercury and methylmercury levels in fish and shellfish and also instituted clean up efforts in Minamata Bay.

The staple food of victims was invariably fish and shellfish from Minamata Bay. Researchers from the School of Medicine began visiting Minamata regularly and admitted patients to the university hospital for detailed examinations.

The cats in the local area, which tended to eat scraps from the family table, had died with symptoms Minamata bay toxic waste essay to those now discovered in humans. After hundreds lost their lives and years of lengthy legal battles, the Chisso Corporation and the state have paid millions of dollars to the Minamata disease victims.

The involvement of the press also aided the process of democratization because it caused more people to become aware of the facts of Minamata disease and the pollution that caused it. At first, manganese was thought to be the causal substance due to the high concentrations found in fish and the organs of the deceased.

Another mediation committee was set up, and an agreement was hammered out and signed on 17 December. In MayChisso finally stopped using a mercury catalyst in the production of acetaldehyde.

Minamata disease: Wikis

Also, in recognising an applicant as a Minamata disease sufferer, the certification council qualified that patient to receive financial compensation from Chisso.

Methylmercury produced in the acetaldehyde acetic acid facility of Shin Nihon Chisso's Minamata factory was discharged in factory wastewater Minamata disease patients last appeared inand the outbreak has ended. A committee was set up by Minamata Mayor Todomu Minamata bay toxic waste essay to mediate between the two sides but this committee was stacked heavily in the company's favour.

Lessons from Minamata: Environmental Health and the Minamata Convention on Mercury

On May 1, the hospital director reported to the local public health office the discovery of an " epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system ", marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.

The extensive research by Kumamoto University and the government conclusion meant that this point was proved quite easily. Dissolution and reorganization[ edit ] As Japan lost the Second World War inNichitsu and its zaibatsu collapsed and was forced to abandon all properties and interests in Korea.

Minamata disease is a poisoning disease that affects mainly the central nervous system and is caused by the consumption of large quantities of fish and shellfish living in Minamata Bay and its surroundings, the major causative agent being some sort of organic mercury compound.

A more complete picture of the symptoms exhibited by patients was gradually uncovered. Minamata patients found the public gradually becoming more receptive and sympathetic as the decade wore on. Inhe established two companies in Korea as subsidiaries of Nichitsu, mirroring the foundation of the parent company: She was ignored, her family's fishing boat used without permission, their fishing nets cut and human faeces thrown at her in the street.

The events in Niigata catalysed a change in response to the original Minamata incident. As in Minamata, from the autumn of to the spring ofcats living along the banks of the Agano River had been seen to go mad and die.

The meeting ended in five minutes with all the bills submitted by the board approved. The disease developed without any prior warning, with patients complaining of a loss of sensation and numbness in their hands and feet.

We cannot find that the defendant took any of the precautionary measures called for in this situation whatsoever. He also spoke of his opposition to the change in wastewater output route from Hyakken Harbour to Minamata River. Through the evolution of public sentiments, the victims and environmental protesters were able to acquire standing and proceed more effectively in their cause.

Although Australia signed up to the Minamata Convention init is still going to take some time to work through the various layers of Federal Government review. The Victims and Their World and including The Shiranui Seadocumenting the incident and siding with the victims in their struggle against Chisso and the government.

Emboldened by the success of the small Minamata cooperative, the Kumamoto Prefectural Alliance of Fishing Cooperatives also decided to seek compensation from Chisso. Two days later her younger sister also began to exhibit the same symptoms and she too was hospitalised.

This is disappointing when you consider that mercury containing lamps are the largest single category of consumer products that contain mercury. This chemical was absorbed by fish and shellfish and bioaccumulated up the food chain. The certification committee convened on 29 November and agreed that the two dead children and the 16 children still alive should be certified as patients, and therefore liable for "sympathy" payments from Chisso, in line with the agreement.

In general these symptoms deteriorated and were followed by severe convulsions, coma and eventually death. The immediate effect was the death of fish at the mouth of the river, and from that point on, new Minamata disease victims began to appear in other fishing villages up and down the coast of the Shiranui Seaas the pollution spread over an even greater area.

Furthermore, compensation of the victims led to continued strife in the community, including unfounded accusations that some of the people who sought compensation did not actually suffer from the disease.Environment, Pollution - Minamata Bay Toxic Waste.

The Minamata Disease as an Example of Government Weakness Essay - The Minamata Disease as an Example of Government Weakness The effects of Minamata disease, which originated in Minamata, Japan, first came to.

The Minamata Bay disaster was the first major indication that humans would need to pay more attention to their waste products and waste disposal practices, in particular, hazardous waste disposal.

In the years that followed, many more instances of neglect or carelessness resulted in. highly toxic chemical bioaccumulatedin shellfish and fish in Minamata Bay and the Shiranui Sea, which, when eaten by the local populace, resulted in mercury poisoning.

While cat, dog, pig, and human deaths continued for 36 years, the government and company did little to prevent the pollution. This highly toxic chemical bioaccumulated in shellfish and fish in Minamata Bay and the Shiranui Sea, which when eaten by the local populace resulted in mercury poisoning.

While cat, dog, pig, and human deaths continued over more than 30 years, the government and company did. Toxic Waste And Hazardous Waste Words | 8 Pages. Toxic wastes are a big problem what we are still facing today around the world.

Most of this toxic waste is.

Timeline of history of environmentalism

The effects of Minamata disease, which originated in Minamata, Japan, first came to the attention of local fishermen. They referred to cats afflicted with the disease as “the suicide-prone group of dancing cats” due to their tendency to ‘dance’ around, and then jump into the nearby bay (Ui, ).

Minamata bay toxic waste essay
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